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Glossary of Commonly Used Printing Terms

Posted by Refresh Cartridges Admin on 13 September 2011 11:42 AM

An American computer technology corporation. Introduced the LaserWriter printer, the first laser printer to be offered at a reasonable price.


The presence of extraneous lines in a printed page.
The absence of reflected light; the colour that is produced when an object absorbs all wavelengths from the light source. The letter “K” is used to represent black in the CMYK acronym to differentiate it from “B” for blue in RGB. When 100% of cyan, magenta and yellow are combined, the resultant colour should be black, but in reality produces a muddy grey or brown hence most printers have a dedicated black cartridge.
The measurement of the reflective quality of a medium.
A global company with headquarters in Japan. Amongst other products they product laser and inkjet printers.
A global company with headquarters in Japan. Amongst other products they product laser and inkjet printers.
BT Group plc also known as British Telecommunications plc is the dominant fixed line telecommunications provider in the United Kingdom who also produce fax machines and associated cartridges
Bulk Ink
These are designed to be used with your existing refill kits.


Checking, adjusting and systematically standardizing the graduations of a device.
A Japanese company that specializes in imaging and optical products, including cameras, photocopiers and computer printers.
Card Reader
This device is used to easily transfer files from a memory card to your PC.
Cartridge Flush
Many cartridges include the print head and cartridge flush is designed primarily to clean dried ink from this print head. It is not suitable for use on cartridges that don’t include a print head.
Chip Resetter
This device is used to reset the chip on the front of Epson cartridges. This will be necessary when refilling cartridges featuring Ink Monitoring Chips.
Commission International de l’Eclairage or the International Commission on Illumination, which is the main world institution concerned with colour and colour measurement.
The primaries cyan, magenta and yellow.
Materials used to create colours, such as dyes, pigments, toners and phosphors
Compact Flash
A removable memory format.
Compaq Computer Corporation is an American personal computer company who also used to produce printers.
Compatible Inkjet Cartridges
These are brand new cartridges that are produced by a third party rather than the manufacturer themselves. Because they are produced to meet the manufacturers’ original specifications, the quality of your printout should not differ than when using the original cartridges. All our compatible cartridges are fully guaranteed, and be assured you will NOT invalidate your printer warranty by using them.
The “redless” process colour. It absorbs all red wavelengths and reflects all blue and green wavelengths of light.


An American computer hardware company which develops, manufactures, supports, and markets a wide range of electronic products including inkjet and laser printers.
Unit of measurement of the perceivable difference in a colour by the human eye.
Digital Printer
Printing device that translates digital data into hard copy output.
Direct Thermal
Uses heat sensitive paper. The printer heats an area of the paper which then changes colour to create the printout.
Dots per Inch (DPI)
Measurement that describes the resolution of image files by measuring the number of separate pixels represented either horizontally or vertically in one square inch.
Coloured chemical that dissolves completely in water or other solvent; as opposed to pigments, which are insoluble.
Dye Sublimation
Colour printing technology that produces images by means of gaseous dyes through a thermal printing driver.


A Japanese company and one of the world’s largest manufacturers of inkjet, dot matrix and laser printers, scanners.


Four-Colour Process
Printing or other imaging with combinations of the subtractive primaries of cyan, magenta, yellow and black. These are deposited as dots of different sizes, shapes and angles to create the illusion of different colours.


Gloss Photo Paper
Gloss paper has a shiny surface which makes it ideal for printing photos.
The transition between two colours or between black and no colour.


gsm (Grams per square metre)
Used as a way of measuring the thickness of a given paper.


The process of reproducing an image as a series of variable-sized dots within a fixed grid.
Hewlett Packard
Commonly known as HP, it has a global presence in the fields of computing, printing, and digital imaging, and also sells software and services.
The basic colour of an object as defined by its angular position in a cylindrical colour space, or on a Colour Wheel


International Business Machines is an American personal computer company who also used to produce printers.
Printing process where liquid ink is propelled at a substrate, such as paper or film, to form characters and graphics. There are three kinds of inkjet printing: thermal, piezoelectric and phase change.
Inkjet Refill Kits
These kits include everything that you need to refill your existing cartridges including the cartridge flush, several ink bottles and the necessary tools.


Eastman Kodak Company is an American multinational public company producing photographic materials and equipment as well as printers.
Konica was a Japanese manufacturer of (among others) film, film cameras, camera accessories, photographic and photo-processing equipment, photocopiers, fax machines and laser printers. On August 5, 2003, Konica merged with Minolta to form Konica Minolta.
Konica Minolta.
Japanese worldwide manufacturer who amongst other products they produce photo-copiers, fax machines,laser printers. Please also see ‘Konica’ and ‘Minolta’


Laser Printer
A laser printer is a common type of computer printer that produces high quality text and graphics on plain paper. Like photocopiers, laser printers employ a xerographic printing process.
LED Printer
LED printers are identical in principle to laser printers except for the light source used. LEDs are more efficient mechanically than normal laser printers, since there are fewer moving parts.
An American corporation. The company is a developer, manufacturer and supplier of printing and imaging solutions, including laser and inkjet printers, multifunction products and associated supplies and services for business and individual consumers worldwide.
Light Magenta/Light Cyan (LM-LC)
Muted or diluted forms of the two primary colours. When added to CMYK these shades produce more variety in dot colour and natural continuous tone printing.


The “greenless” process colour. It absorbs all wavelengths of green from light, while reflecting all red and blue wavelengths.
Matt Photo Paper
Matt coating provides a non-glare surface for producing vivid colours, with extra clarity for minimal reflection. Ideal for producing photographs and images with a matt photo-like finish.
Minolta was a Japanese worldwide manufacturer of cameras, camera accessories, photo-copiers, fax machines and laser printers. In 2003, Konica Corporation merged with Minolta to form Konica Minolta.
MultiMedia Card (MMC)
A removable memory format.


An Italian manufacturer of computers, printers and other business machines
Describes the resistance of light passing through a substrate.
Original Inkjet Cartridges
OEM (Original Equipment Manufacturer) cartridges are produced by the printer manufacturer themselves.


Panasonic is a trading name for the Japanese electric products manufacturer Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd. Under this brand Matsushita sells both consumer electronics and electronics components including printers
Philips, is one of the largest electronics companies in the world who amongst other activities produce fax machines and their associated consumables.
Photocopying is a process which makes paper copies of documents and other visual images quickly and cheaply usually by the Xerography printing method.
Piezo Inkjet
Inkjet printing process that uses electric pulses from piezoelectric crystals to stimulate and force ink through inkjet nozzles onto substrates.
Colourant that cannot be dissolved in a liquid. In inks, produces sharper, darker images on a wider range of plain papers.
A tiny picture element that contains red, green and blue information for colour rendering on a monitor or scanner.
Primary Colour
Colours that are the bases for other colours. In light, the primary colours are red, green and blue (RGB). In colour photographic printing, they are cyan, magenta and yellow (CMY). Black or key (K) is added as a fourth ink to CMY printing to produce denser, truer blacks and clearer, sharper images.


Remanufactured Inkjet Cartridges
These cartridges are produced using empty original cartridges that have then been sent back to a recycling facility to be used again. The original cartridge is completely taken apart, cleaned, and then put back together before being refilled and thoroughly tested.
Remanufactured Toner Cartridges
These cartridges are remanufactured, which means the original unit has been sent back to a recycling facility to be used again. The original cartridge is completely taken apart, cleaned, and then put back together using a combination of new and existing components before refilled and thoroughly tested.
The number of dots or samples-per-inch that a device is capable of recognizing or producing.
The additive primary colours: red, green and blue.


The worldwide Samsung Group consists of very many companies. One of its business activities include the manufacture of printers and fax machines and their associated consumables.
Satin Photo Paper
Satin paper delivers top quality prints with the feel of traditional photographic paper.
Colour attribute that expresses the degree of departure from the neutral gray of the same lightness.
Secure Digital
A removable memory format.
Sharp Corporation is a Japanese electronics manufacturer who amongst other things produce fax machines and their associated cartridges.
The space where printing data is held in a computer’s memory or hard drive while queuing to a printing device.
Subtractive primaries
Cyan, magenta and yellow. The theoretical combination of the three at 100% strength should produce black on white paper. Combining two primaries at 100% creates either the red, green or blue additive primary. Cyan+magenta=blue. Cyan+yellow=green. Magenta+yellow=red.


Tally was a leading American manufacturer of printers.
TDK Corporation is a Japanese company which manufactures electronic materials, electronic components, CD printers and recording and data-storage media.
Thermal Drop-on-Demand
Inkjet printing process where inks are heated in a chamber above the print head to a temperature greater than their boiling point. The heat alters and expands the characteristics of the ink, which is then expelled through the head onto the substrate.
Thermal Transfer
Printing method used in combination with a Thermal ribbon. The printer uses heat to transfer ink from ribbon onto the label for a permanent print.


USB Flash Drives
These devices plug in to a spare USB slot on your computer and then act as a removable drive which files can easily be saved to or loaded from. These drives are as easy to use as a floppy disc but are infinitely faster, much higher capacity and more robust.


The internal resistance to flow exhibited by a fluid.
Visible Spectrum
The region in the electromagnetic spectrum between 380 and 720 nanometres – Wavelengths within this span produce colour as viewed by the human eye.


Measurement of light as a component of electromagnetic waves.


XD Picture Card
A removable memory format.
Xerography is a printing process used in most photocopying machines and in laser and LED printers.
Xerox Corporation is an American document management company, which manufactures and sells a range of colour and black-and-white printers, multifunction systems, photo copiers, digital production printing presses, and related consulting services and supplies.


Pure yellow is the “blueless” colour. It absorbs all wavelengths of blue from light, and reflects all red and green wavelengths.

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